Housing legal Rights

You may want to think through some of the legal issues before moving into a new apartment. Here we have gathered some of the most important things to think about before moving into a new apartment. 


Although no written contract is required, it is important for you as a tenant. If any problems arise, the most important things are written down in the contract, this way you know what to expect. If something is unclear in the contract, it is important to ask the homeowner so that both parties are in agreement before signing.


The smartest thing to do is to view in the apartment you are going to move into to avoid conflicts when taking over. If something is not in the condition you expect, this should be pointed out at the viewing before entering into a contract. If something should be defective or in poor condition it should be emphasized in the lease.

Deposit and Deposit Account

It is normal to pay a security deposit before moving into an apartment. This is usually the sum of 2 or 3 rents. The deposit can be entered into a deposit account which can be created by the homeowner at the homeowner's expense. When you move out of the apartment you get the deposit back and interest earned. If damage has occurred to the apartment during the rental period, the homeowner is entitled to deduct the sum of the damages from the security deposit upon repayment.

Period of Notice

The lease can be created at a fixed or indefinite time. The contract should clarify how long the notice period is. It is common to have three months' notice period for a fixed-term agreement. The notice period starts from the first month after you cancel the apartment. Rent is still paid during the notice period.

Defects identified after relocation

If, after moving in and having signed a contract, you find defects in the home, you are obliged to contact the homeowner as soon as possible. It is important here to ask yourself what condition the apartment is in and what price you pay. Reports of such deficiencies should be done in writing.

If a defect is found, you can demand that the defect be corrected, withhold rent, demand a price reduction or demand a refund for compensation for your financial loss. If the shortage is significant, you can cancel the contract. Not many deficiencies are large enough for the contract to be terminated, there is generally a very high threshold for having the right to cancel the lease. In these cases, it is advisable to contact someone for legal assistance.

Your duties as a tenant

The homeowner is responsible for keeping the home in the condition it was at the time the contract was signed. The tenant is obliged to return the apartment in the condition in which the apartment was taken over. The landlord cannot make major changes without the approval of the person living in the apartment, unless the necessary maintenance is required. You are obliged to do less maintenance of the apartment. This means things like replacing light bulbs, cleaning out drains, washing the kitchen fan and such. In the event of serious damage to the apartment, you are obliged to limit the damage as much as possible.

The landlord does not have the right to enter the residence unless it has been agreed on a reasonable time in advance. You as a tenant are also obliged to arrange these planned inspections.